The present paper is concerned with the theoretical matter of understanding whether the prematurity condition, per se, is a predictor factor of infants’ later performance, particularly from the neuromotor point of view. A review of studies on this issue is presented when some controversy are highlighted and considerations are made to external factors which may account for children’s neuromotor improvement. Among the important external factors discussed are the children’s gestational age and their familial environment. Some consideration is also made on early systematic tactile stimulation on babies born preterm since it is also believed to be one of the possible reasons for infants’ later better neuromotor development. Another aspect also discussed in this paper is the assumption that temperament is correlated with the preterm condition. Considerations are made regarding the fact that the correlation between prematurity and temperament is established by the subjectiveness of infants’ ratings of temperament, as assigned by their parents.